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 UNIT 1 المنهج الحديث

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Points : 2906
30/09/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: UNIT 1 المنهج الحديث   الجمعة أكتوبر 16, 2009 6:00 pm

The Present Simple Tense




¨ (يتكون من مصدر الفعل + s أو es مع He / She / It )


EX: They work hare.

He works hard.




¨يضاف es إذا كان الفعل منهياً ب s / sh / ch / o / x



EX: He watches Tv every night.





¨تحول ال Y إلى ies إذا سبقها أحد الحروف الساكنة


EX: She studies hard.




¨فى النفى تستخدم don't مع الجمع و doesn't مع المفرد و never مع كل الضمائر ولكن يضل الفعل مصرفاً.




Thy study hard


· They don't study hard. * They never study hard.




She studies hard

He doesn't study hard. * He never studies hard.




It’s used with: -



* Sometimes * أحياناً *


Every… * كل ... *

Usually * عادة

* Never* مطلقاً *


Often * غالباً *

Once/Twice … a … * مرة فى ...

* Always * دائماً


* Rarely * نادراً



* كما يستخدم مع الروابط الزمنية ليد على المستقبل :-


* When * عندما *

As soon as * بمجرد أن *

After * بعد *

Till / until * حتى

* Before * قبل *


If /unless * إذا



¨توضع ظروف التكرار بعد الفعل المساعد وقبل الفعل الرئيسى



never / rarely = seldom / not often / sometimes / occasionally / often/ frequently /usually / always


·I always try to save energy.

·She's often late for work.










¨الظروف الدالة علي الزمنadverbs of time تأتي إما في بداية الجملة أو نهايتها


·We watch TV every night.


·Every night we watch TV.

*******

am / is / are + PP.

المضارع البسيط فى صيغة المبنى للمجهول¨





·Somebody cleans this room every day.

This room is cleaned every day.




* Choose the right answer and circle the reason: -


1-My father always … to work on time.


a) go b) going c) goes d) gone


2-They … on time for meeting.


a) are never b) never are c) never don’t d) never can


3 -He … early.


a) always is b) is always being c) is always d) was always being


4 -Let us wait for him until he … .


a) will arrive b) is arriving c) arrives d) would arrive


5- When he …, he will stay with us.


a) will come b) is coming c) came d) comes


6-Mona always … the 8 o’clock train.


a) catch b) catches c) caught d) is catching


7- … you ride bikes?


a)Do b)Is c)Are d)Have


8- The sun … us heat and light.


a)is giving b)gives c)give d)is going to give


9- she … to the cinema very often.


a)don’t go b)isn’t going c)doesn’t go d)hasn’t gone


10- He … wastes his time.


a)doesn’t b)didn’t c)never d)don’t




Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write it correctly


1- She usually is honest and polite.


2- He never go to work by bus.


3- Elephants eats grass.


4- Do you happy to be back with us?


5- She isn’t like living with a big company.


6- We aren’t go to school on Fridays.


7- The earth go round itself every twenty four hours.




8- He never visit us on weekends
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الأوسمة :

المهنة :
المزاج :
1445
Points : 2906
30/09/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: UNIT 1 المنهج الحديث   الجمعة أكتوبر 16, 2009 6:24 pm

Present Continuous Tense




¨ يتكوين المضارع المستمر من:


Am/ is / are + v + ing

الكلمات الدالة عليه :¨


now / look! / Listen!/ at present/ at this moment

·She is writing a letter now.


·I am reading an interesting book at the moment.


¨ لاحظ أن المضارع المستمر يستخدم للتعبير عن خطط مستقبلية

وعند الحل نتبع الأتى: -

1- نحذف ما يشير إلى التخطيط (حتى to )


2- نبدأ بالفاعل


3- نحول الفعل إلى المضارع المستمر


EX: Every thing is arranged to my travel to Aswan tomorrow.
(traveling)


I’m traveling to Aswan tomorrow.




EX: He has decided to run his own business.
(He is …)


He is running his own business.



*************


am / is / are + being + PP.

المضارع المستمر فى صيغة المبنى للمجهول¨



·Somebody is cleaning the room.


The room is being cleaned.



* Choose the right answer and circle the reason: -

1- They … football at the moment.


a)are played b)are playing c)plays d)played



2- Look! A young boy … a horse.


a)rode b)rides c)is riding d)is ridden



3- They … drawing any pictures.


a)isn’t b)aren’t c)don’t d)haven’t



4- Listen! He … a poem.


a)read b)is reading c)is read d)reading


5- Listen! The boys … a lot of noise.

a)make b)made c)were making d)are making




Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write it correctly


1- Listen! The baby cries.


2- They played tennis at the moment.


3- Does he doing his homework at the moment.


4- Hady reads the paper now.


5- Is he learn English at the present?


6- What does she doin now?

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الأوسمة :

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30/09/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: UNIT 1 المنهج الحديث   الإثنين أكتوبر 19, 2009 1:07 pm

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الأوسمة :

المهنة :
المزاج :
1445
Points : 2906
30/09/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: UNIT 1 المنهج الحديث   الأربعاء أكتوبر 21, 2009 10:30 pm

THE PAST CONTINUOUS





§ يتكون الماضى المستمر من:


Was / Were + V-ing



يستخدم الماضي المستمر


1- للتعبير عن حدث مستمر أثناء وقت معين في الماضي :


· Between six and half past six this morning, I was having breakfast.




2- للتعبير عن حدث مستمر فى الماضى قطعه حدث آخر :


· I was having a shower when the phone rang.




· He was doing research when they arrested him.



§ يستخدم الماضي المستمر غالبا مع كلمات مثل


While / when / As / Just as




While + ماضي مستمر + ماضي مستمر________ أحداث متوازية


While + ماضي مستمر + ماضي بسيط ________أحداث متقاطعة.


While + gerund +ماضي بسيط _________عند حذف الفاعل


During + n / gerund + ماضي بسيط


ماضي مستمر + When + ماضي بسيط



¨While (When) we were doing the homework, it started to rain.



· We were doing the homework when it started to rain.



§ يمكن أن يكون الحدثين مع while في الماضي المستمر فى حالة توازى الأحداث.


· While I was studying, my father was reading.



§ يمكن استخدام On بدلا من when و يأتي يعدها : V+ing




· When he arrived , he found the door locked. (On …)




On arriving, he found the door locked.




§ يمكن استخدام during بدلا من while و يأتي يعدها noun / V+ing :




· While he was playing the game, he got hurt. (during)




¨During the game, he got hurt.




¨He got hurt during playing the game.



§ الفعل بعد and يأخذ نفس شكل الفعل الذي يسبقها:




· He was writing a letter and listening to some music.




· She has finished work and gone home.



§ لاحظ عدم استخدام to Be في الماضي المستمر:


¨While I was at school, I worked to a plan.


EXERCISE





* Choose the right answer and circle the reason: -


1- He was reading the paper while the children … in the garden.


a)were played b)were playing c)are playing d)played



2- He was watching TV when his father … .


a)is coming b)comes c)came d)was coming



3- I understood what the teacher … .


a)was saying b)was said c)is saying d)might say



4- He was driving his car when he … the accident.


a)makes b)was making c)will make d)made



5- He … the ladder when suddenly he fell down.


a)climbed b)was climbed c)was climbing d)climbs


She … the table when the visitors came


a)is laying b)was laying c)was laid d)were laying



7- I was having a shower … the telephone rang.


a)when b)while c)as d)until



8- As I was walking down the street, I … a friend of mine.


a)meet b)meets c)met d)had met



9- While we … a party, the lights went out.


a)have b)had c)have had d)were having



10- He … in the garden when he hurt his foot.


a)dug b)digs c)was digging d)was dug



11- I fell into the river while … on the bridge.


a)was walking b)walking c)walked d)had walked



12- She … her bag when a thief grabbed it and ran away.


a)carried b)was carried c)was carrying d)is carrying



13- When the door bell rang, she … the dishes.


a)washed b)washes c)has washed d)was washing



14- While the old man … the street, a car hit him.


a)cross b)crosses c)was crossing d)was crossed




Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write it correctly


1- She burnt herself while she lighted a match.


2- When I’m telling him the story, he burst into tears.


3- They stopped to talk to us while they walk to school.


4- Just as we played football, it started to rain.


5- My brother watched TV while I was revising for the exam.


6- The lights go out while I was doing the exercises.


7- When he is driving home, he had an accident.


8- My children play computer games all day yesterday.


9- What had you doing when I phoned you yesterday.


10- Fatma returned home while he mother preparing lunch.
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الأوسمة :

المهنة :
المزاج :
1445
Points : 2906
30/09/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: UNIT 1 المنهج الحديث   الأربعاء أكتوبر 21, 2009 10:57 pm

18





The Present Perfect Tense



§ التكوين:

Have / Has + PP.



· He has just bought a new car.

· They have already done the shopping.

§ يستخدم المضارع التام للتعبير عن:

1- حدث تم في الماضي ولا يزال له تأثير في الحاضر :

§ My car has broken down. = I have to go to work by bus.



2- حدث تم في الماضي و ما زال مستمر في الحاضر :

§ I have done this job for many years. = I still do this job.

§ BUT I lived in Cairo for many years. = I live somewhere else now.(ماضي بسيط)

&يستخدم المضـارع التام مع كلمات مثـل :

already / just / ever / never / yet / since / for / lately / recently / so far / up till now



& و يستخدم إذا بدأت الجملة بمـا يلـي :

§ It’s/This is the first (second…) time..

§ It’s(This) is the only… § In the last few years/months § In recent years

§ over the ages / over the years / over the centuries علي مر العصور



¨It’s the first time I have been to this place.

¨This is the only play I have seen.

¨ Egypt has made great progress in the last few years.



¨ لاحظ أن ever/never/just/ already تأتي بينhave/has والتصريف الثالث

¨I have just written the letter.

§ لاحظ استخدام ever في السؤال و never في الإجابة بالنفى :

¨ Have you ever travelled by plane?

¨ No, I have never travelled by plane.


Just = a short time ago/ a minute/ a moment ago




19
©They left the building a minute ago. (just)


= They have just left the building.



& لاحظ استخدام since / for

Since + بداية الحدث



©Since last week / last summer / 1999 / five o’clock / October / this morning / yesterday / then / Monday / breakfast



For + فترة زمنية



For a week / the last week / a year / five hours / three months / two days / a long time

¨ I haven’t cleaned the house for a week.

© She hasn’t phoned us since October.

¨ في حــالة وجـود فعـل واحــد مع since نستخدم المضارع التام :

¨ في حـالة وجـود فعلين ، يأتي بعد since ماضي بسيط past simple و الفعل الثاني في المضارع التام :

¨ I haven’t seen her since she graduated.



¨ عند استخدام since / for بدلا من

§ Last / The last time / ago + past simple

نستخدم مضارع تام منفى، وعند الحل:-

1- نحذف last / The last time ونضع haven’t / hasn’t حسب الفاعل.

2- نأتى بالتصريف الثالث من الفعل.

3- نحذف ago ونضع

) مدة زمنية + (for ( تاريخ + (since ( عدد + since last )

وفى حالة وجود when تحل since محل when

§ I last had my hair cut when I was in Cairo. (since)

= I haven’t had my hair cut since I was in Cairo.



¨ The last time I met Jennie was in 2000. (since / for )

= I haven’t met Jennie since 2000.

= I haven’t met Jennie for 9 years.

= I haven't met Jennie since last 9 years.



¨ The last time I played chess was six years ago. (since/for)

= I haven’t played chess since 2003.


20
= I haven’t played chess for six years.


= I haven't played chess since last six years.

¨في حالة استخدام ago بدلا من for نستخدم started to / began to + inf.:

§ He has learnt English for six years. (ago)

He began / started to learn English six years ago.



¨ لاحظ انه عند استخدام since بدلا من for نستخدم التركيب الآتي:





It’s + فترة زمنية + since + فاعل + + last + ماضي بسيط



He hasn’t visited his uncle for a long time. (since)

It’s a long time since he last visited his uncle.

¨ لاحظ انه عند استخدام ever بدلا من never نستخدم صيغة تفضيل:

وعند الحل نتبع الأتى: -

1- نبدأ ب This is أو It’s .

2- ثم نحول الصفة إلى صيغة التفضيل.

3- ثم الكلمة التى تلى الصفة.

4- ثم تبدأ الجملة من اولها مع تحويل never إلى ever .



¨ I have never done such a tiring job. (This is…)

= This is the most tiring job I have ever done.



¨ لاحظ انه عند استخدام never بدلا من ever نستخدم such (a/an) adj. + n.:

¨ This is the worst luck I have ever had. (never)

= I have never had such a bad luck.



¨ لاحظ استخدام yet في الجملة المنفيــة

§ I haven’t finished my homework yet.



¨في حالة استخدام yet بدلا من still نستخدم مضارع تام منفى بدلا من المضارع المستمر:

¨He is still writing the report. (yet)

He hasn’t finished writing the report yet.



¨ تستخدم yet في نفي جمــلة بهـا just / already :

§ He has just arrived. He hasn’t arrived yet.








21









EXERCISE


* Choose the right answer and circle the reason: -

1- I haven’t met him … over a year.

a)since b)for c)ago d)lately

2- It … very cold lately, but it’s just beginning to get warmer.

a)was b)has been c)is d)had been

3- He … to his village. He is still there.

a)has been b)has gone c)would go d)had gone

4- He has been telephoning continually … lunch time.

a)in b)for c)yet d)since

5- You can take it. I’ve … finished it.

a)yet b)still c)already d)for

6- No one … to see us since we bought the house.

a)came b)had come c)has come d)comes

7- He has … finished his work.

a)still b)yet c)already d)until

8- We … everything you asked. What should we do now?

a)do b)are doing c)will do d)have done

9- She … letters all this morning.

a)had written b)has written c)has been writing d)had been writing

10- I … to open the door since I came, but in vain.

a)have tried b)have been trying c)tried d)am trying

11- Have you bought any CDs … ?

a)lately b)hardly c)ago d)ever

13- -The Oil Company … for oil, but up till now no oil has been found.

a)has searched b)had searched c)has been searching d)searched

14-How long … it?

a)did you read b)have you read c)do you read d)have you been reading

15-It … all day long.

a)rained b)had rained c)has been raining d)has rained








22




Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write it correctly

1- I haven’t met Hossam for last year.

2- This is the most exiting book I have never read.

3- We haven’t tried any foreign products already.

4- He didn’t change his old car yet.

5- We don’t see each others for a long time.

6- He has written a lot of novels for he stated writing.

7- It’s a month since we phone him.

8- She was buying a new evening dress recently.

9- I haven’t visited my aunt since a year.

10- I have ever been to Sinai before.
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